Evolution Ferrari F138, 2013
History Ferrari inseparably linked with the history of Formula1601 is the only team, who participated in all seasons of the world championship, and the first single-seater racing car in Maranello was built for a Formula1601.
In the traditional winter historical project, together with an authoritative Italian expert, author of books about the history of Ferrari Paolo D'alessio, we decided to tell to the readers nonf1.ru about the features of all machines , showing them the example of the evolution of the Formula 1.
As with the other top teams, Ferrari divided d headquarters into two groups, one was doing a project in 2013, and the other 2014, as the new 6-cylinder turbo engine and system ERS required extensive engineering resources. In 2013, before the introduction of the new regulations, the rules have not changed almost, which allowed the designers to be limited to the modernization of last year's car.
Refinement were, first of all, aerodynamics, which for several years was the weak link in the team because of the incorrect calibration of the wind tunnel in Maranello. While experts have upgraded a pipe, the Scuderia blowing machine in Cologne based Toyota Motorsport team that brought its fruits. Conceptual aerodynamics of the car remained the same, the engineers made a lot of small changes to make sites and systems to work properly. Was updated to the air intake of the engine, configuration, front and rear spoiler, optimized system DRS. Cooling system remained the same, but changed side pontoons. In addition, once again improved brake system. Great attention was paid to reduction in the weight and increase the rigidity of the structure.
An important element of 2013 steel tyres Pirelli. Response to the request of the FIA to ensure the tactics of three to four pit-stops, Italian tyre workers created compositions, rapidly decaying during the race. This decision had a number of negative consequences first, the teams, it was difficult to get the tyres to work effectively, because the performance range has been very narrow. Secondly, on highways they were insecure that became apparent at Silverstone where once at the several pilots exploded bus.
Trying to solve the problem, Pirelli returned to last year's tire design, with Kevlar cord instead of steel. This affected the balance of forces had changed, and serious progress Red Bull Racing has allowed them to dominate in the championship - Sebastian Vettel has won nine races in a row, destroying any hints on the fight for the title.
The third place in the Cup of designers, behind Red Bull and Mercedes, of course, cannot be considered a good result for the team, which, after winning Alonso in Barcelona, had hoped to compete for the title with F138. But ambitions Ferrari in 2013 melted like snow in the sun, and not only because of the transition with Pirelli tires with steel cord in a Kevlar the Scuderia again demonstrated the weakness in the finalization of the machine during the season in conditions when there is no opportunity to try it. The tests" class="posttag">tests were banned, circles along replaced with computer simulators, and Ferrari were in crisis.
In addition, some of the decisions made in recent years have led to consequences, which can be called catastrophic. For example, dismissal Aldo Costa, who was replaced Pat Frye. And indeed, the entire aerodynamic sector disappointed in recent seasons Ferrari forced to catch up with Red Bull, offering an impressive number of news to catch up to machines Adrian Newey, F138 earned only a small part of them, while almost all updates Red Bull has resulted in progress.
With the machine, which is well-season begins, but does not progress during the championship, to set high goals impossible. Fortunately, starting in 2014, 8-cylinder, 2.4-liter engines, sophisticated aerodynamics rear of the machine and the use of exhaust to increase the clamping force retired, with the return of turbo engine Ferrari will be able to start from scratch. Including the fight for the title, interrupted in 2008 with the F2008 is the last car of , who won the Cup of designers.
In the beginning of the season, it seemed that the opponents are about equal, and after two victories Fernando Alonso in the first five Grand Prix of the season, the Spaniard looked contender for the title. However, during the championship, it results gradually fell, and by the end of the season, Ferrari has yielded not only Red Bull Racing, but Mercedes. Alonso, however, once again been able to become Vice-champion, but lost while Vettel catastrophic 155 points.
copy nonf1.ru and Paolo d39'alessio. Managing editor Elmir Valeev.