LotusLotus (full name of the Lotus Engineering Ltd) - British sports team that existed from the forty years from 1954 to 1994. This team was a member of this class of racing as Formula 1, Formula 2, Indy. During its existence, the team won the Lotus seven Constructors' Cup. The beginning of the team's history can be considered in 1952 when the British car designer Colin Chapman founded Lotus Engineering's team of 1953-54 Ltd.V successfully performed in the Formula 2 races, so in 1958 she made her debut in Formula 1 Grand Prix in Monaco . At that time, for the team were Graham Hill and Cliff Allison. First success in the Formula 1 team was able to finish only in 1961 at the Grand Prix in the United States. The victory brought the Innes Ireland, winning the final race sezona.V 60th Lotus Team for three consecutive years from 1960 to 1962nd ranked second in the Constructors' Championship, while in 1963, Jim Clark did not bring the championship titul.V 1968-69 the team's base was moved from Hornsey in the Hetzel. In 1971, Lotus Team were noted by the fact that the first time in the history of Formula 1 car was taken to start a gas turbine engine. Oops. it has not brought the team victory, none of the three races to win not udalos.Ne Despite this, the 70s were successful for the Lotus: in 1972, the pilot team became the youngest Formula 1 champion, in the 73rd Lotus Team for the sixth again won the Constructors' Championship, Lotus engineers have developed a car using a ground-effect, which in 1978, Mario Andretti brought the team victory. In December 1982, died the founder of Lotus Engineering Ltd, Colin Chapman, the leadership passed to Peter Warri, a former racer Lotus.Edinstvennaya victory in this period was achieved at the Grand Prix of Austria in 1982, brought her Elio de Angelis. In the 80s and 90s the state Lotus falling into decay, the machines are not very reliable, the team rarely brought ochki.Camel, the main sponsor of the team must stop collaborating with Lotus, Honda also cut off supplies dvigateley.Komanda was on the verge of bankruptcy, this time it was bought by David Hunt, but the debts. unfortunately, was not allowed to leave the team at the start. At the Lotus Team ceased to exist. Nevertheless, in 2009, dealt with the return of Lotus Cars.
The Formula 1 world champion Nigel Mansell believes that working with the strongest pilots is the best option for progress.Nigel Mansell "the Competition at a high level is one thing, but win at a high level - is quite another.I have always been interested to work in a team with the best pilots, world Champions, because guys like you will quickly learn and become better. I was always interested in the experience of others. This is the best teacher for the pilot." F1-world.Giza his career, Mansell had to work with four Champions Mario Andretti in the Lotus, Keke Rosberg and Nelson Piquet at Williams, Alain Prost at Ferrari.
In 1977 in Formula 1 there was a command Wolf, and the debut race ended in victory for her only pilot Jody, who under the number "20".In the mid-1970s, a canadian oilman Walter wolf decided to do Formula 1, and in 1976 he became a sponsor of the team Frank Williams. However, one season, the relationship between the partners deteriorated, and Williams left the band, which was created a few years ago. On the basis of Frank Williams Racing Cars, Walter founded the Walter Wolf Racing team, was lured from Lotus designer Harvey Postlethwaite, and Tyrrell driver Jody, who was twice bronze medalist of the championship.In the opening race in the hot Argentine Schecter driving the WR1 was launched only 11-m, but crossed the finish line first. To win the race - it managed a few teams, and after the Wolf - only to Brawn in 2009.
The ex-pilot of Formula 1 Karun Chandhok admitted that he was sad that Robert Kubica was left without a place in the championship.Karun Chandhok "it's a Shame that he has not found a place, but I think the team gave him a lot of opportunities to really prove he deserves to stay in the world of Formula 1.I don't know of other pilots who would be able in two teams to test their quality and to prove its speed. I don't think someone will be able to say that he had no real chance to compete this year."He Chandhok competed for HRT in 2010 and spent one race for Lotus in 2011.
When in 2014 the pilots received the right to choose the start number, Venezuelan Pastor Maldonado made an unusual choice - the number "13".Obviously, the pilots and the leadership of the Formula 1 is quite superstitious, otherwise how to explain that in Formula 1 almost never used the number "13" When the teams were assigned rooms, then after a couple of "11"-"12" once was a pair of "14"-"15". Only in 1976 Divina Galik took a chance to take the number "13" but not even qualify.Obviously, Maldonado decided to challenge fate, and in 2014, moving from Williams to Lotus, took the starting number "13". It is worth remembering that the Pastor in 2012 won the Grand Prix of Spain, that is a pilot, albeit average, but tasted the prize of champagne. However, in the 2014 season, everything was going from bad to worse numerous Renault engine failures, crashes and collisions. Only once in the United States Maldonado started from the top ten and earned the only points for the 9th place.
In the course of the last season, only six pilots had a chance to start the race from the first row. The record for the number of hits on the first row of steel Sebastian Vettel and Lewis Hamilton.Starts with the first row, the pilots1. Sebastian Vettel, The Ferrari - 142. Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes 133. Kimi Raikkonen, Ferrari - 5 Driver Valtteri Bottas, Mercedes - 55. Max Verstappen, Red Bull - 16. Lance Stroll, Williams - 1V last year the pilots Ferrari never not started first, Rada, and this year Daniel Riccardo from Red Bull failed to make this rating. But it came debutant lance Stroll from Williams. However, in his case helped numerous penalties received by opponents for the replacement of elements of the power plant.In Sochi Mercedes pilots started only from the second row, thereby ending a run of 30 hits on the first row. According to this indicator, the German team takes third place in the history of Formula 1. The record lacked five races.The series starts from the first row, the command1. Williams - 35 1992-19942. McLaren - 33 1988-19903. Mercedes - 30 2015-20174. Williams - 26 1995-19975. Red Bull - 24 2010-20116. Mercedes - 23 2014-20157. Williams - 17 1986-1987 Red Bull - 17 2009-20109. Ferrari - 16 1970-1971 Lotus - 16 1973-1974.
Roman Grosjean admitted that he likes to grow together with my team Haas.Roman Grosjean "We grow together. I have an advantage in that I started my career in Formula 1 in 27 years, and now I'm 31.I see that continue to evolve, so will be able to speak, until I was 37, 38 or even 39 years. I have still to come. If I can grow up with Haas, then Yes, why notBut if they give me a car capable of winning, then I'm ready to move on to something else".On account of Grogan six full seasons in Formula 1. Best result - 7th place in 2013 with the Lotus currently Renault.
Cemetery of the Formula 1 cars of the late 1980s and early 1990s found in France. Here you can see, for example, old model Ferrari, Lotus, Ligier and Benetton championship.
The first and fifth places in Austin ahead of schedule has enabled Mercedes to win the constructors ' championship. For the German team's fourth consecutive victory.Toto Wolff, head of Mercedes "First of all, I want to thank all the staff who work on the bases in Brackley and Brixworth. I also want to acknowledge the fantastic support we receive from the hand of Mercedes in Stuttgart. I'm glad we were able to once again become the strongest after the major changes in the regulations.In Austin, we won the Cup of designers - this is one of our goals. Now the challenge is to win the remaining three races."As already said Balo, Mercedes are fourth in the constructors ' championship and on this indicator the team caught up with Red Bull. More wins in the championship only on Lotus 7, McLaren 8, Williams 9 and Ferrari 16.
Frenchman Roman Grosjean admitted that he would like to play for the French Renault team and win with it the title.In 2009, Grosjean made his debut in Formula 1 in the Renault lineup. After two years the novel has returned to the team from Enstone by the time it was renamed to Lotus, where he played until the end of 2015.Roman Grosjean "I don't negotiate with Renault, but it would be great to one day go back there. However, this can only happen when there is an opportunity to fight for the title. That would be fantastic But it is too early to talk about it".
Eight races took the McLaren team to earn their first points of the season. In the history of one of the oldest and most successful Formula 1 teams ever been. It's time to remember the most unfortunate car McLaren.McLaren Ford M28, 1979 godv 1978 on the slopes of the championship reigned car Lotus 79 with ground-effect. All competitors, without exception, have rushed to develop their own versions of the machine-wing. In the middle of the season, work began on the project in the design offices of McLaren, who after several years of struggle for the title started to slide down. Left the team champion James hunt, but his replacement was going to invite one of the leading Formula 1 driver Ronnie Peterson.Unfortunately, Peterson died at the end of the season-1978, posthumously becoming Vice-champion. No better fate awaited the new project McLaren M28. The machine was bulky compared to the predecessor of the M26, a trend of the season, the desire of designers to make maximum use of ground-effect. During the tests it turned out that the Grand effect works on M28 is not very good. Surprisingly, the first Grand Prix in Argentina John Watson managed to finish third. But more to the podium in the season, neither Watson nor his partner in McLaren Patrick got up. Tambay and did not have earned any points. Not helped by the upgraded options and M28B M28C. In the second half of the season, McLaren has issued a new model M29.
Pilot Ferrari Kimi Raikkonen said that he needed time to achieve the highest result.Kimi Raikkonen "I need time to navigate and find the right way to work under the new rules. We already have done a lot right, but the results have not yet come.I hope this year we will be able to achieve many victories, and we work on it hard.I am sure that we are doing everything right, so it's just a matter of time. Very soon the real results will come."The last time Raikkonen won four years ago, and it was team Lotus now Renault.
In the offseason the team was replaced by Mercedes technical Director to replace Paddy Lowe came to James Ellison, who in this position has worked in Lotus and Ferrari.Officially to work in a new place Allison began March 1. This week James first appeared in the uniform of Mercedes on the tests.
Finnish ex-Formula 1 driver Heikki Kovalainen, which account for one win in the composition of McLaren, admitted that he offered his services to the Williams team, when it became clear that his compatriot Valtteri Bottas will move to Mercedes.Heikki Kovalainen "Yes, I sent a letter to Claire Williams by e-mail. But they had other plans. I think they had a lot of suggestions from other pilots."Kovalainen sure that Bottas will be able to compete with Lewis Hamilton, with whom he spent two years at McLaren.Heikki Kovalainen "Valtteri is a great driver, able to fight for victory. I think he'd work well with Lewis.I often remember the time when Hamilton were teammates. Lewis - strong pilot. However, we worked great together, no problems. I think there will be problems and Valtteri".Kovalainen competed in Formula 1 in 2007-2013, He managed to drive for Renault, McLaren, Lotus and Caterham. On account of Heikki's victory in the Grand Prix of Hungary of 2008.
Champ 1978 Mario Andretti admitted that he is now dreaming of the championship of Sebastian Vettel to Ferrari.Mario Andretti "I can't say it was always my dream to Sebastian Vettel became the champion in a Ferrari. Think Vettel and he dreams about it. Everyone knows that SEB wants to repeat the path of Schumacher, he also wants to praise the team and yourself in it.Yes, now it is not much work, although the relationship with the partner and the team are very positive. I think Vettel sees what could be much better.Himself Andretti played for Ferrari in 1971, 1972 and 1982 Champion, he became the team Lotus.
The head of the eponymous team gene Haas stated that investments aimed at the Roman Grogan, fully paid off.Gene Haas "Grosjean gave the team 29 points, and we are proud of this result. We took it from Lotus, have invested money in it, and it brought dividends. If it were not for these 29 points, we would now be in a difficult situation. And so, we can boldly look into the eyes of their fans.So all these points are worth every penny invested in the salary of Grosjean. I am disappointed only by the fact that we are unable throughout the season to keep pace with what was stated in the first race. So we would have earned by the end of the season more than 100 points. But I am very happy".
In the past championship it was possible to observe a unique situation four seats in the cockpits took the children of former pilots of Formula-1. We tried to compare the achievements of the fathers and children.Jonathan and Palmarydates Jolyon Palmer became the champion of Formula 2 in 1983 and in September of the same year got the opportunity to debut in Formula 1 driving the car of champion team Williams. The first and only race in that season, he finished in 13th position. Then for three years, Palmer is a senior spent in the notebook the outsiders RAM and Zakspeed. In 1987, he received a place in the Tyrrell, where and earned their first points. In three years the team of Ken Tyrrell's Jonathan earned 14 points but has never finished above fourth place. Failing to get places in a good team, Palmer has left the championship.In 2014 Jolyon Palmer became GP2 champion - in principle, this championship can be considered the analogue of Formula 2 in the early 1980's. Then the British spent a year test-pilot of the Lotus and finally this season got a place of combat pilot for Renault the same team Lotus after the reorganization. However, driving uncompetitive cars it is difficult to show their abilities. After the debut season on account of Palmer, Jr. by just one point for tenth place in Malaysia. However, this result allowed to gain a foothold in the Renault.Meanwhile, road to Formula 1 punches a younger brother Jolyon autumn test driving McLaren spent will Palmer is a reward for winning the competition, held annually by the British team in conjunction with the Autosport.
In the course of the last season, Nico Rosberg 20 times started from the first row and set a new record. Only in Austria due to the replacement of the gearbox, the Germans had to take on the starting grid in sixth position.Starts with the first row, the pilots1. Nico Rosberg, Mercedes - 202. Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes - 153. Daniel Ricciardo, Red Bull 44. Valtteri Bottas, Williams - 1 Nico Hulkenberg Force India - 1 Max Verstappen, Red Bull - 1 with Brazil 2010 on the first row got Nico. For the first time in his career managed to max Verstappen.The fine in Austria ended a run of 14 Rosberg starts from the first row. After Austria, Nico 12 times in a row started from the first row. Record this indicator belongs to Ayrton Senna, who in the period from 1988 to 1989, 24 times started from the first row. In the second place Lewis Hamilton with 20 starts in the period from 2014 to 2015 Starts with the first row in a single season1. Nico Rosberg, Mercedes - 20 20162. Sebastian Vettel, Red Bull - 18 2011 Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes - 18 20154. Ayrton Senna, McLaren - 16 1989 Alain Prost, Williams - 16 1993 Damon Hill, Williams - 16 19967. Ayrton Senna, McLaren - 15 1988 Nigel Mansell, Williams - 15 1992 Sebastian Vettel, Red Bull - 15 2013 Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes 15 2014 Nico Rosberg, Mercedes 15 2014 Nico Rosberg, Mercedes 15 2015 Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes - 15 2016the percentage of the result Rosberg is 95.2. While Senna 1989, Prost 1993 and hill 1996 showed 100 results, that is started from the first row in every race of the season.In the last 27 races one Mercedes driver has started from the first row. If the series will be continued in the next season, the German team can beat the record of Williams.The series starts from the first row, the command1. Williams - 35 1992-19942. McLaren - 33 1988-19903. Mercedes - 27 2015-20164. Williams - 26 1995-19975. Red Bull - 24 2010-20116. Mercedes - 23 2014-20157. Williams - 17 1986-1987 Red Bull - 17 2009-20109. Ferrari - 16 1970-1971 Lotus - 16 1973-1974.
This year ends the contract of technical Director Mercedes Paddy Lowe, and, as reported by the Italian press, he will leave the German team. Reason the parties were unable to agree on a new contract.As a successor to Lowe called James Ellison, in the past technical Director of Lotus and Ferrari. First was the assumption that Lowe will move to Ferrari, but now talking about the fact that the engineer will return to McLaren.Lowe has worked at McLaren for twenty years. He came to the team in 1993 as head of the Department of development and gradually reached the position of technical Director. In early 2013 he moved to Mercedes, followed by Lewis Hamilton.
Kimi Raikkonen left Formula 1 at the end of 2009, but in 2012 has returned, signing a contract with Lotus. Two years later, the Finn moved to Ferrari.In the two years that Raikkonen held outside of Formula 1, he managed to try his hand at various races, including WRC and NASCAR. The American series has forced him to think about coming back.Kimi Raikkonen "Yeah, NASCAR and Formula 1 are two totally different series. When I went to America, I had no idea what is waiting for me there. However, I liked it - it was a fun race.Great when on the same track is forty and you are constantly fighting for position. Honestly, it made me think about returning to Formula 1. In the end, after a series of events, I was back in a Ferrari".
In December, the McLaren Group will be headed by Zak brown, the head of one of the largest marketing Agency Just Marketing International, attracting sponsors in Formula 1. The new CEO admitted that he was quite satisfied the user is a member of the team of Formula 1 and racing Director Eric boullier, working with 2014, and Executive Director, Jost Capito, not so long ago switched from Volkswagen.Zach brown "Eric bouillet and Jost Capito also responsible for creating fast cars. However, we should think about improving economic indicators. On Board McLaren too much space, and they need to fill out the sponsorship logos. Title sponsor is clearly not hurt.With a bulge I know when he was head of team Lotus. Together we worked on a sponsorship contract with the company Unilever. After he moved to McLaren, the team has made serious progress. I think the development goes in the right direction.Kapito I know more than ten years. All his projects were successful. I must say that we have a great relationship.As far as I know, the team has all the necessary resources. You only need to learn how to work as a team".
The pilot of Renault Jolyon Palmer admitted that he is well acquainted with the track in Abu Dhabi, where the following weekend will be the final season in 2016.Jolyon Palmer "It's a track that I know very well, because many times I spoke to her back in GP2. I worked on it a test-pilot of Formula 1 team Force India and a couple of dashed circle in the Lotus during Friday practice. This is a good track, a good place to end the season. Everything is very glamorous, it's beautiful, and the race of a sunset and looks incredibly impressive".
Pilot Williams Felipe Massa told about his attitude to the Grand Prix of Mexico.Felipe Massa "Mexico is a wonderful country, home to some of the most incredible fans in the world. The track is the same amazing, like the country, and the last sector you are enjoying the round and round.It also has one of the longest straights in Formula 1, where last year our team set an absolute speed record of the championship. In Mexico people really love Formula 1, so it's fantastic that the championship has returned to this country. The city is very similar to Sao Paulo, so I really feel at home here. I would say that the Mexican people are very similar to Brazilians, I'm incredibly comfortable".A year ago in qualification of the Grand Prix of Mexico clocked up 364,2 km/h In the race, however, Pastor Maldonado of Lotus currently Renault was even faster - 366,4 km/h. as for the results of the race, Massa finished only sixth.
We already wrote that Red Bull is likely going to poach from McLaren major sponsor ExxonMobil. However, as it turns out, the British team itself refused to cooperate with the American oil company.According to the publication Financial Times, McLaren has found a new partner in the person of British oil company BP. The deal is valued at 35 million euros per year. It is expected that in Formula 1, the BP will promote your brand to Castrol. Obviously, the cooperation with McLaren will not be limited with the budget and relate to the creation of fuel and lubricants.The Castrol brand is well known in Formula 1. In different years of his logos appeared on the machine Wolf, Brabham, Lotus, Williams and Jaguar. In 1979 and 1980 with partner, Castrol was the McLaren team.
Sergey Sirotkin, who listed a test-pilot of Renault, held a test day in Valencia behind the wheel of a Lotus E21 2013 and shared their impressions.Sergey Sirotkin "It was a rather quiet day. In the morning we drove a few basic sessions and worked on balance. Before lunch spent qualifying simulation on both types of rubber. In the second half of day worked with full tanks on long distances. In all cases the results were very good, so that we can be satisfied with the work done. Thanks to the team and SMP Racing for the opportunity - it was really useful and necessary experience".
Esteban Windows Tests really helped minipilot Manor Esteban Windows said that the work on the tests helped prepare him to work in real race conditions.Esteban Windows "I do not think that it is not ready. It's all good. Thanks to the work tests I was able to prepare well for his debut. I am ready to cope with any difficulties and challenges. I'm happy for the chance which fell to my share. Did not expect that everything will be so fast, but I'm ready."Windows debut as the prize of the pilot of Formula 1 Grand Prix of Belgium at the end of next week. The team Manor 19-year-old Frenchman was replaced by Rio Haryanto.For the first time Esteban got behind the wheel of a Formula 1 in 2014, when the Lotus spent the Friday practice the Grand Prix of Abu Dhabi, and then there is one day worked on the youth tests. In the season 2015 Window conducted two day of testing for Force India. This year the French one of the tests held in the Renault, two in the Mercedes. In addition, four times he took part in Friday practice behind the wheel of a Renault. In total the Windows passed the tests the distance of 2987 km.
As predicted by the Italian media, James Allison, who served as technical Director at Ferrari, left the team. It will be replaced by Mattia Binotto, Scuderia engaged in engines.Maurizio Arrivabene, head of the team "the Team thanks James for the work done over the last three years. We wish him success in his future activities."James Allison "during the three years he spent at Ferrari, I was able to get to know the team and the people who work in it. I want to thank them all for the experience that we acquired together".A few months ago, Ellison's wife died, and the last time a Brit was torn between Italy and England, where his children learn. Recently there were rumors that the engineer could return to Enstone, where he worked as a designer for Renault/Lotus.
Grand Prix of Hungary made his debut in the championship in 1986. Before the race, Ayrton Senna, then the pilot of the Lotus, decided to get acquainted with the track and borrowed from the technical staff of the machine - Soviet "penny".The team Lada Sport shared Contributed Mitrovic, who in 1986-1992 worked as a Marshal on the Hungarian track.In the picture, or VAZ-21011 Lada 1300, or VAZ-21013 Lada 1200s, which was produced from the mid-1970's to late 1980s.
Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton during the race at Silverstone was in the lead for 51 of the 52 laps. And according to this indicator, the German team walked the Red Bull and came out in fifth position.Circles of leading racing teams1. Ferrari - 139252. McLaren - 10578 DD.3. Williams - 75884. Lotus - 56235. Mercedes - 32086. Red Bull - 31677. Brabham - 27178. Renault - 25159. Benetton - 154410. Tyrrell - 1493.26. Sauber - 123.34. Force India - 6535. Toro Rosso - 56. - active command.
Rio Haryanto risked ending the season early. It became known that was the payment for the right to host the second part of the championship in the Manor.Earlier it was reported that the sponsors of the Indonesian pilot was paid for his participation in only eleven stages. Now you need to pay about 7.5 million euros.Indus Innovati, the mother of the pilot "We are doing everything possible, as quickly as possible to find sponsors. We need to pay 7.5 million euros to Rio was able to speak in the second half of the season. The deadline for payment has already passed, but at the Manor ready to wait.Meanwhile, already is the name of a possible successor Haryanto. This is Pastor Maldonado, the ex-pilot Williams and Lotus.